Thermodynamics and Life

Gladyshev G. P.

N. N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences International Academy of Creative Endeavors, Moscow


Thermodynamics governs by everything that happens in the world. Thermodynamics uses the apparatus of full differentials and examines changes of state functions. Thermodynamics is the driving force of evolution and development. Life — a phenomenon characterized by alternating nonspontaneous and spontaneous processes. The hierarchic structure of liv ing matter is formed with the participation of supramolecular (intermolecular) interactions and the various physical fields. Environment determines the shape and structure of living objects. Key words: thermodynamics, evolution, life.

Language: russian



Gladyshev G. P.
Thermodynamics and Life // Electronic periodical “Herald of the International Academy of Sciences. Russian Section”, 2010. Issue #1: 6—10