I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, M. A. Sholokhov Moscow State University for the Humanities, SEC TECO, Moscow International Institute of Social Physiology, Moscow
The fundamental possibilities of relations optimization in «man — environment» system, ways of preserving health and adaptational reserves of moderm human beings in conditions of ecological and psychosocial unfavorability are discussed in the paper. Based on the analysis of the main tenets of the «expanded view on a human as ecobiopsychosocial entity» concept (W. Kofler), the theory of functional systems (P.K.Anohin, K.V.Sudakov) and the provisions of adaptive medicine it is proved, that, along with the methods of recreational medicine certain alternative for residents of megacities can serve integrated application of individually selected natural factors, produced by modern technologies. The examples of the development and testing of innovative hardware restorative technologies in correction of psychophysiological status, improvement of psychomotor, mental and physical health of students, people of working age, athletes: 1) the approach based on complex polyrhythmic modal sensory effects, promising to improve the effectiveness of intellectual activity, correction of students psychophysiological functions, 2) new version of adaptation to periodic hypoxia — interval hypoxic-hyperoxic training in potentiation of exercise tolerance, normalizing the autonomic regulation and metabolic processes in young people, which is being actively involved in sports, patients with psychosomatic disorders (for example, ischemic heart disease). The results suggest the principle possibility to maintain and develop health reserves in relatively healthy human, conduct directed rehabilitation of patients psycho-physiological functions, despite the adverse environmental conditions and psychosocial factors. Their use does not replace the powerful sanogenetic potential of natural factors, communications with nature, but can be used complementarily to recreational facilities and techniques.
Technologies for Psychophysiological Functions Correction and Health Reserves Potentiaion: Implementation of Adaptive Medicine Principles // Electronic periodical “Herald of the International Academy of Sciences. Russian Section”, 2013. Issue #1: 45—54